Being fastidious creatures, cats often have litter box issues that many pet owners find a challenge to deal with. Some cats stop using their litter box when it’s smelly and dirty. They also tend to shy away from using the litter box because of its location, size, style, and even the litter that is being used.
A litter box should be placed in an area that is far from household traffic. Your cat wants to do his thing in peace, without any distractions caused by anyone in the household, including other pets.
If your cat has been peeing outside of his litter box, you will surely be suffering from the distinct smell of urine that seems to permeate the whole house. You may have cleaned up the ones you manage to find, but cats are able to get in the most peculiar places to attend to do their business.
Even if you have already addressed your kitty’s litter box concerns, the smell of urine may still be present in the air. Going down on all fours and looking for urine spots and stains may be your most obvious solution to totally eliminate urine odor. However, this method won’t be of much help. Cats can get inside every nook and cranny of your house and there is a big possibility that they are using these as potty areas.
Many pet owners have been using a flashlight that uses UV light or black light to help them locate stains. It’s as simple as “pointing and looking”. Since specific components in cat’s urine will glow under UV light, it is best to do your search in the evening or when blinds are closed and lights are out.
If your cat has access to all the rooms of the house, you will need to go through the process of searching for urine stains systematically. Go through each room and shine the black light on various surfaces including your bed, dressers, clothes, furniture, bathtubs, walls, baseboards, etc. You may also need to shine the black light on corners, doorways, and passageways.
Once you find any spot, be sure to mark the location because you won’t be able to see it when you turn off the black light. You may remember a few locations, but if you are dealing with a kitty having litter box issues as well as one that’s engaged in spray marking, you need to apply tape to each of the location so you will be able to find them later when it’s time to clean and disinfect each of the spot.
When cleaning a specific spot, make it a point to include cleaning the area surrounding the stain to make sure all the stains and scents are removed. Cat urine also tends to soak into surfaces and you need to determine the extent of the stain to be able to address the problem successfully.
Housebreaking a puppy is an important obligation of a responsible dog owner. Canines still have traces of instinctive behavior passed down from their ancestors. With domestication, human intervention helps ensure that your pet conforms to accepted behavior. The process of housebreaking your puppy does not have to be stressful for you or your pet. It should be an enjoyable process where you can both develop respect and strengthen your bond of friendship.
Instinctive Behavior and Conditioning
For newborn puppies, the mother undertakes the task of keeping the litter and their living quarters clean by removing any scent or traces of urine or feces. Even in the wild, dogs don’t want their dens soiled because it is where they eat, sleep, and spend a good part of their waking hours. As puppies get older, they will instinctively assimilate this behavior, making it a good foundation for toilet training.
Conditioning is a significant part of housebreaking a puppy. While the puppies are still very young, the mother has already conditioned her litter not to eliminate in their “den”. As you bring home your new puppy, the instinct is already ingrained and all you have to do is to teach your pooch when and where he can do his thing.
Puppies have a Short Digestive Tract
With a short digestive tract, expect your puppy to eliminate about 10-30 minutes after a meal. Knowing this fact can help you map out a daily regimen that will include mealtimes and trips to the designated potty area or your backyard.
The Potty Area
Canines are creatures of habit. Assigning a specific spot on your yard as the “potty area” will help teach your puppy that he can only relieve himself only on that spot. As your puppy pees or poops in his potty area, he will leave familiar signs and scents that he will equate with toilet duties. As your puppy gets a whiff of the familiar scents, it will encourage him to eliminate in that area.
Giving Off Positive Vibes
Dogs are quite sensitive to the vibes that you give off, even during housetraining. When you are angry or frustrated with your efforts, the energy you radiate into your surroundings can have an effect on your pet’s response to your commands.
Use a calm and soothing voice to encourage your puppy to “go potty”. It is best to avoid any distractions, or try to rush him when he is attending to the call of nature.
Accidents are always a part of housetraining, thus you should be prepared to deal with them properly. . Even though how consistent or alert you will be, there are instances when your puppy will be unable to control his bladder or eliminate before reaching the designated spot.
Sometimes your puppy will pee somewhere inside the house, without you knowing where. Once it dries up, you can hardly pinpoint the spot. With his keen sense of smell, there is a possibility that your puppy will again seek out the smell and eliminate in the same area. To prevent the behavior, you need to find out where the spot is by using a Black Light UV Flashlight. Being able to pinpoint any urine spots inside the house will make it easier to remove any traces of urine or poop with thorough cleaning and disinfection.
Are you having problems with a puppy which is fond of tearing up your things? If you are a new puppy owner, expect to go through a brief period where the newest addition to the household seems to love tearing up things and destroying stuff.
For puppies, chewing is a normal behavior. To indulge his penchant for chewing, get him some toys that he can chew on. It may take time and lots of patience to teach your pooch to transfer his attention from your shoes and furniture to his chew toys; however it will ultimately be rewarding in the end.
When puppies chew on things, it is not usually viewed as a manifestation of negative emotions. Your pet is not chewing on your things because he is angry or insecure. It is actually a phase he passes through as he matures.
However, there are cases when chewing becomes a puppy’s outlet to vent out his anxiety. One common example is leaving a puppy alone for a considerable period of time. If your pet is used to meeting you at the door as you arrive at a certain time, he may get anxious when you are late. Chewing then becomes a form of therapy to relieve his anxiety. When you come home and find your puppy on a chewing spree, never lose your temper and lash out at your pet. If you make such a big fuss, he won’t understand why you’re punishing him. This will instill feelings of fear and anxiety.
How to deal with your puppy’s chewing problems
Although chewing may be a phase that he will soon outgrow, you can still undertake some precautions to address your puppy’s behavior and protect your belongings.
While your puppy is still undergoing basic training regimens, he should not be allowed to run freely around the house and inside a fenced yard until he can be trusted not to chew anything he can get his mouth on. If you are unable to keep an eye on him, confine him in a room that has been puppy-proofed or place him inside his crate. Give him various chew toys so he will have something to do while you’re out or doing some chores in another part of the house.
You can make rawhide treats more appealing by soaking them in flavored soup. Long marrow bones can also keep your puppy’s attention for hours. There are toys that you can stuff with your pet’s favorite treats. This will be a good way to provide physical and mental motivation as he figures out how to get the treats out of the toy. Having something to keep him entertained for several hours while you’re gone will take his mind off worrying and waiting anxiously for your return.
It takes about 4-5 months for a puppy to be fully house-trained. You might think this is a quite a long period of time, however, consider the baby steps you take each day as you train your puppy, as well as the need to practice consistency, patience, and perseverance in dealing with “accidents” every now and then.
For some pet owners, housetraining their puppies can be a breeze, with their pets fully housetrained earlier than expected. However, there are also cases when it will take up to a year for a puppy to be fully housetrained.
There are several important factors which are known to exert a major influence on the length of time that a puppy can be successfully housetrained. One factor is the size of the dog – smaller breeds will require more trips to the toilet because of their small bladders and fast metabolism. The puppy’s age, living conditions in the past, as well as the presence of old habits may also influence the success of the training regimen.
Here are some important tips you should remember when housetraining your puppy:
Arm yourself with tons of patience
Patience is indeed a virtue during housetraining. You will soon realize how true this is when you try hard to keep your composure and be more tolerant when your pet has just had an “accident”.
Puppies follow their body’s natural schedule
Puppies also have an internal body clock that they instinctively follow, thus you should know that your pooch needs to go to the designated potty area after each meal, after sleeping, and after exercise. For good measure, try taking your puppy out every two hours, unless he’s sleeping.
Know your role and responsibility
You play a very important role in housetraining your puppy. During the early phase of the regimen, it is you who will make sure the puppy gets to his toilet area at certain times throughout the day. You will also be monitoring your pet’s every move and activity, always quick to correct a mistake in a proper manner. Many pet owners choose to place their puppy inside a crate during housetraining so they can monitor their pets and take them out when it’s time to attend to the call of nature.
When you’re in the designated toilet area, keep an eye on your dog and be quick to call his attention in case he tries to stray away from the potty area before doing his thing. Always be quick to offer a reward and some praises for good behavior. Never underestimate the power of positive reinforcement in your pet’s training regimens.
It is a fact that “accidents” are part of the learning process. Never yell at your puppy or rub his nose on his pee or poop. These actions will never have positive outcomes. Your pet will learn to hide behind furniture or under the bed when he has to go. He will never understand why you are yelling at him. The best thing you can do is to pretend as if nothing happened. Just put your dog back in its crate or room and clean up the mess.
The best thing about housetraining is giving your puppy many opportunities to learn and get it right. It is the pet owners’ responsibility to train their pets to conform to the accepted norms of domesticity.